Thorez, Maurice

(1900–1964)
   Born in France, Maurice Thorez rose from childhood labor as a coal miner to become general secretary, and then chairman, of the French Communist Party (PCF). Joining in 1920, Thorez was a member of the PCF almost from its inception. Having been imprisoned on several occasions for his leftwing beliefs, Thorez diligently worked his way up the PCF, and by 1930 he had become general secretary of the party. Two years later he was elected to the Chamber of Deputies, leading French communists within the parliament. Thorez, along with Leon Blum and other left-wing political figures, took part in the creation of the Popular Front coalition in response to the threat posed to France by the Third Reich. The Popular Front was victorious in the 1936 parliamentary elections, with Blum becoming prime minister and the PCF forming part of the coalition government having won 15 percent of votes cast. However, the advent of the 1939 Nazi–Soviet Pact saw the PCF banned by the French government, the Popular Front having been defeated in the 1938 election. Thorez fled to the Soviet Union and in doing so avoided army service, gaining a prison sentence in absentia which was amnestied in 1944. Following World War II the PCF joined with the French Socialist Party to form the government, with Thorez becoming deputy prime minister between 1946 and 1947. Following this spell he reverted to opposition, and served as PCF chairman until his death in 1964. His most renowned works were Son of the People (1937) and Politics of French Greatness (1945).

Historical dictionary of Marxism. . 2014.

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  • Thorez, Maurice — born April 28, 1900, Noyelles Godault, France died July 11, 1964, at sea en route to Yalta French communist politician. He began working as a coal miner at age 12. He joined the French Communist Party с 1920 and was arrested several times for… …   Universalium

  • Thorez, Maurice — (1900 1964)    political figure    Born in Noyelles Godault, Pas de Calais, Maurice Thorez worked for a mining company and became a member of the Section française de l internationale ouvrière (SFIO). During the schism at the Congress of Tours… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Thorez, Maurice — ► (1900 64) Político francés. Fue ministro de Estado en 1945 46 y vicepresidente del Consejo en 1946 47. * * * (28 abr. 1900, Noyelles Godault, Francia–11 jul. 1964, en alta mar camino a Yalta). Político comunista francés. Comenzó trabajando como …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Thorez — Thorez, Maurice …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Thorez — Maurice Thorez Maurice Thorez …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Maurice Thorez — (1936) sowjetische Briefmarke Maurice Thorez (Aussprache: [ …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Thorez — Maurice Thorez auf einer sowjetischen Briefmarke (1965) Maurice Thorez (Aussprache: [mɔˈʀis tɔˈʀɛːz]; * 28. April 1900 in Noyelles Godault, Pas de Calais; † 11. Juli 1964 bei einer Überfahrt auf dem Schwarzen Meer) war ein …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • THOREZ (M.) — THOREZ MAURICE (1900 1964) Fils et petit fils de mineur, Maurice Thorez est né à Noyelle Godault (Pas de Calais). La guerre l’oblige à quitter son bassin minier natal pour vivre dans un village de la Creuse. Il doit commencer à travailler comme… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Thorez — (Maurice) (1900 1964) homme politique français. Secrétaire général du parti communiste (1930), il fut l un des promoteurs du Front populaire. De 1939 à 1994, il séjourna en U.R.S.S., puis fit partie du gouvernement (1945 1947) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Maurice Thorez — A Soviet stamp depicting Maurice Thorez. Maurice Thorez (April 28, 1900 – July 11, 1964) was a French politician and longtime leader of the French Communist Party (PCF) from 1930 until his death. He also served as vice premier of France from 1946 …   Wikipedia

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